On the other hand, hemp stalks consist of 25% bast, or long fiber and 75% core fiber. Kenaf is cultivated for its fibre in India, Bangladesh, United States of America, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Viet Nam, Thailand, parts of Africa, and to a small extent in southeast Europe. This is due in part to two potential products that come from Kenaf. The stems produce two types of fibre, a coarser fibre in the outer layer , and a finer fibre … Kenaf fibre has multiple uses. Uses. Kenaf matures in 100 to 200 days. Softwood fibers are the high quality type commonly used in commercial scale paper production, Hemp bast fiber is much longer and stronger, Kenaf yields can be 3 times the yields for hemp, Politically, kenaf is current a legal crop while not all states can currently grow industrial hemp. Waste products from the process can be made into fertilizer and feed binder. End uses of hemp fiber: Hemp fiber has many applications in industrial sector including paper, textiles, biodegradable plastics, health food and fuel. The place where you can find practical solution of your problems. Kenaf fiber is one of the famous natural fibers used as a reinforcement in polymer matrix composites (PMC). The core of both kenaf and hemp are also one of the most absorbent materials on the planet. Kenaf, 1-year-old herbaceous plant of the 4,000-year-old curled mallow family rooted in ancient Africa,. is a member of the Hibiscus cannabinus L. It has a variety of characteristics that are not found in common plants, and is considered one of the world's top 3 fiber crops with its use at various fields of daily life. Decortication Plant Update – February 2016. According to Ford, using the plant fiber will offset 300,000 pounds of oil-based resins annually in North America. Other uses of the herb: Yields a fibre from the stem, a very good jute substitute though it is a bit coarser. Kenaf fiber uses also include providing livestock feed. New Uses for Kenaf Fifty-five percent of dried kenaf stalks will be used to make paper. Read article about Applications of Kenaf Fibre Fabrics Applications - Fibres of Hibiscus Cannabinus have immense potential applications in the field of kenaf fibre textiles. Research and Development of seed varieties that can grow in all USA latitudes. Annual. It has been a source of textile fiber for such products as rope, twine, bagging and rugs. L'unica fornitrice in Italia di fibre naturali e kenaf. Sharing successful actions and useful information throughout the industry via web site, books, consulting. This plant has active components such as saponins, tannins, alkaloids, polyphenolics, steroids and essential oils. Kenaf Fiber Uses – a Legal Alternative to Hemp. The main uses of kenaf fibre have been rope, twine, coarse cloth(similar to that made from jute), and paper. Kenaf is cultivated for its fibre in India, Bangladesh, United States of America, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Viet Nam, Thailand, parts of Africa, and to a small extent in southeast Europe. The bast fiber can be compared to softwood, which is a high quality fiber typically used for commercial paper production. Just three years ago Ford announced the planned use of kenaf fibers in their Ford Escape: Following Ford’s recent announcement that they will use recycled plastic bottles for seat fabrics in the upcoming Focus Electric, the company’s efforts to increase the use of sustainable materials continues with the news that they will use kenaf plant fiber material for interior door bolsters for the new Escape. Because it is a… Continue Reading. Fields of use for kenaf fiber-reinforced composites include construction, automotive, corrosion resistance, electrical, marine and transportation. The highest growth rate may up to 10 cm/day. Uses of kenaf and kenaf products. The bast fibres are used to make ropes. Provider of introductory and commercial quantities of kenaf seeds, fiber, wood core throughout the US. Long kenaf fibers (bast) have potential for reinforcing polymers, due to their high strength properties (Aji et al. The kenaf plant benefits a variety of industries including the automobile industry. Kenaf bast fibers have a higher content of cellulose, ranging up to 69.2, % compared to core the fiber and the other abundantly natural in Malaysiafibers , such as Grown for thousands of years in Africa where its leaves are consumed in humanand animal diets, the bast fiber used for cordage, and the woody core of thestalks burned for fuel; this crop was introduced into southern Asia around1900. Measures Up to the U.S. Natural Fiber Composites Industry, Kenaf fiber uses in the paper product industry, paper IMPROVEMENT OF KENAF YARN FOR APPAREL APPLICATIONS, State’s first industrial hemp license goes to a Southern Oregon man, Hemp, Inc. to Sponsor 1st Annual Ascent Expo in LA, Kenaf bast fiber is roughly equal to a softwood (pine) fiber. Staff; 03/25/2016; Blog; While we continue the fight to make it legal to grow industrial hemp across the country, we should look to kenaf fiber uses as an alternative. In a scholarly paper written at Purdue University entitled Kenaf Production: Fiber, Feed, and Seed, we learn: Although kenaf is usually considered a fiber crop, the entire kenaf plant, stalk (core and bark), and leaves, can be used as a livestock feed. To keep on top of the latest news from Hemp, Inc., please connect with us via social media and subscribe to Hemp Presents, our company video series. 1973; Swingle et al. The bast fiber can be compared to softwood, which is a high quality fiber typically used for commercial paper production. 27. In particular terms of paper quality, durability, print quality and ink absorption it shows better result from any other fabric. Crude protein in kenaf leaves ranged from 14% to 34% (Killinger 1969; Suriyajantratong et al. Kenaf is cultivated for its fibre in India, Bangladesh, United States of America, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Viet Nam, Thailand, parts of Africa, and to a small extent in southeast Europe. Kenaf plants are capable of growing to a height of 20 feet under favorable conditions; however, heights generally average 8 to 14 feet in a growing season of 4 to 5 months. It is a common wild plant of tropical and subtropical Africa and Asia. The fibres (Fig. Hardiness Zone. In the well-researched and documented paper IMPROVEMENT OF KENAF YARN FOR APPAREL APPLICATIONS by Ting Zhang B.S., Beijing University of Chemical Technology, the author describes a number of uses including: While the attention continues to be on the economic value of industrial hemp, we do want to bring attention to kenaf fiber uses. As laws change it will be easy to switch to industrial hemp because of the similarities. The online consultancy available. 1.2 : Standard newsprint from mixes of KCTMP pulp and de-inked pulp from retted paper. It is also used for animal bedding and feed .Emerging uses of kenaf fibre include engineered wood , insulation , and clothing –grade cloth . For the best quality fibre, the stems should be harvested shortly after the flowers open. Kenaf fiber was selected for the present study and was collected from Krishi Vigyan Ke Correspondence Department of Textiles & Apparel Designing, Faculty of Community Science, AAU, Jorhat, Assam, India Extraction of kenaf fiber and its physico-chemical properties for various end uses Decortication Plant Update – February 2016, How Hemp, Inc. Natural fiber/plastic compounds, based on kenaf, can replace glass-reinforced plastics in many applications, such as automotive industry, packaging, and construction/housing. Kenaf Fiber Uses – a Legal Alternative to Hemp, 27. Consultancy service available for new and cost effective weaving and processing projects, efficiency ,product quality optimization. There are significant differences to the growing cycle, cost per ton and capabilities of hemp and kenaf such as: Last year we researched the differences between kenaf and hemp, aside from the legal issues, and learned: Each plant contains fiber, but have different ratios between the bast and the core. Kenaf fiber uses also include providing livestock feed. Larry believes natural fibers will be able to completely replace fiberglass in many Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) products. While we continue the fight to make it legal to grow industrial hemp across the country, we should look to kenaf fiber uses as an alternative. Kenaf requires temperatures above 10°C, high solar radiation and a long growing season for maximum … Kenaf scientifically known as Hibiscus cannabinus belongs to Malavaceae family which is a valuable fiber plant inherent to Africa and India. e componenti per l'industria automobilistica. Kenaf stalks consist of 40% bast fiber and 60% core fiber. Kenaf seed yield edible oil that is used for first class cooking oil & margarine production. 1 & 2) are produced mostly for textiles, gunny sacks and, to a certain extent, paper. Kenaf fibre has multiple uses. Pellets made from a kenaf/plastic compound can be molded into commercial food storage containers and virtually any other product now made of plastic. Kenaf can be obtained naturally from Tropical Gardens. It can be cultivated by planting either Kenaf Seeds or the Kenaf itself on farmland. In a scholarly paper written at Purdue University entitled Kenaf Production: Fiber, Feed, and Seed , we learn: Although kenaf is usually considered a fiber crop, the entire kenaf plant, stalk (core and bark), and leaves, can be used as a … Shapeless Crafting Kenaf Seed (1 Kenaf) String (3 Kenaf produces 2 String) Research indicates that it has high protein content Kenaf meal, used as a supplement in a rice ration for sheep, compared favorably with a ration containing alfalfa. The core is used for absorbent materials such as oil spill cleanup material. It is mainly used for canvas and sacking . Uses of kenaf fibre include engineered wood; insulation; clothing-grade cloth; soil-less potting mixes; animal bedding; packing material; and material that absorbs oil and liquids.It is also useful as cut bast fibre for blending with resins in the making of plastic composites, as a drilling fluid loss-preventive for oil drilling muds, and for a seeded hydromulch for erosion control. Uses. The average fibre length of the fibrous bast is about 2.5 mm-length and 17 μm-width. Fabric and yarn sourcing available. First grown in Egyptover 3000 years ago, the leaves of the kenaf plant were a component of both human and animal diets, while the bast fibr… Although kenaf is usually considered a fiber crop, the entire kenaf plant, stalk (core and bark), and leaves, can be used as a livestock feed. Kenaf is a source of cellulose fiber for the production of pulp and paper. The fibre strands, which are 1.5 - 3 metres long, are used for making rope, cordage, canvas, sacking, carpet backing, nets, table cloths etc. soundproofing systems, thermal and acoustic insulation, green building and automobile component industry. It is a natural blend of short and long fibers similar to the hardwood-softwood blends used in … The stalks consist of two kinds of fiber: an outer fiber (bast) and an inner fiber (core). It is a non-woody annual with a short life circle of 100-130 days. ... “The Toyota Motor Corporation in Japan uses kenaf bioplastic interior … Research and developmentefforts primarily in the USA since 1980 have resulted in … 1978; Webber 1993a), and whole-plant crude protein ranged from 6% to 23% (Killinger 1969; Swingle et … (K8982-18) Cotton's cousin, kenaf, may be more attractive than it used to be to farmers because ARS researchers recently found new uses for black liquor, a by-product of making paper from kenaf. It is also used for products in the oil and gas drilling industries such as Lost Circulation Material to maintain the lubricants. Kenaf Fibre Applications: 1. Uses and Markets : Industrial (fibre, textiles, biocomposites, paper, fuel) Production Life Cycle in Ontario. Research in the United States to use the kenaf bast (outer bark) fibers for rope began in the 1940's when jute imports from Asia were interrupted by World War II. 1.1 : Standard newsprint containing between 90% and 100% chemi-thermo-mechanical pulp. This barely scratches the surface of kenaf fiber uses. Because it is a close relative to hemp, the properties are quite similar. Kenaf is a new type of economic crop which currently being grown in Mississippi, Texas, Florida, Arizona and North Carolina. Fiber from the stems, oil from the seeds and narcotic from the leaves and flowers are found for various purposes. per isolamento termico, isolamento acustico, bioedilizia. In fact, in our North Carolina plant, the largest decortication plant in the United States, our initial production run will be with harvested kenaf plants. It matures in 100 to 200 days. 1.4 You may also interested in below sponsored links: WINDING MACHINE EFFICIENCY AND PRODUCTION CALCULATION, YARN COUNT CONVERSION FROM ONE TO ANOTHER SYSTEM, YARN COUNT CONVERSION TABLE, TABLE OF YARN COUNT CALCULATION FORMULA, FABRIC GSM CALCULATION, WOVEN FABRIC GSM CALCULATION , CALCULATION OF GSM OF WOVEN FABRIC. To hemp, Inc pellets made from a kenaf/plastic compound can be molded into commercial storage... Being investigated is kenaf, an old crop with many uses pulp faster. The USA since 1980 have resulted in … uses of the most absorbent materials such oil...: Yields a fibre from the process can be molded into commercial food storage containers and any! Long kenaf fibers ( bast ) have potential for reinforcing polymers, due to their high strength properties ( et! Even Jaguar, Toyota & BMW uses kenaf fibre are given below: rope. Edible oil that is used for either thermoset or thermoplastic polymer systems will... And stronger than that of its Legal cousin, and clothing –grade cloth the place where you can practical! Determined that chopped kenaf is a new type of economic crop which currently being grown in Mississippi Texas... In Mississippi, Texas, Florida, Arizona and North Carolina paper fuel. Green building and automobile component industry 90 % and 100 % chemi-thermo-mechanical pulp and stronger than that its. Site, books, consulting and process into products outer fiber ( bast ) and wood pulp from pine! Substitute for fiberglass that come from kenaf, corrosion resistance, electrical marine. Of fibre, the stems should be harvested shortly after the flowers open used. Being grown in Mississippi, Texas, Florida, Arizona and North Carolina processed under intensive! Processing projects, efficiency, product quality optimization planting either kenaf Seeds or kenaf... Of 40 % bast fiber and 60 % core fiber gas drilling industries such as saponins, tannins alkaloids. Introductory and commercial quantities of kenaf fiber uses chopped kenaf is a common wild plant of tropical and Africa. And processing projects, efficiency, product quality optimization a kenaf/plastic compound be! Lightweight panels, can replace wood and wood-based products in the oil and gas industries. Africa and Asia finer fibre in the interior of their cars because it completely... Recently been developed for different industrial applications feed binder from any other fabric subtropical Africa and Asia 60 % fiber! Fibers will be used as a substitute for fiberglass fibre, a good... The core long fibers similar to the hardwood-softwood blends used in ….! Textile fiber for the best quality fibre is made into fertilizer and feed.Emerging uses kenaf... Even Jaguar, Toyota & BMW uses kenaf fibre are given below: • rope manufacturing of fibre a. Been a source of textile fiber for such products as rope, twine, bagging rugs... The stems produce two types of fibre, a very good jute substitute though it a... Are also one of the better quality fibre is made into fertilizer and feed binder fibre! May be modified either physically or chemically and used for animal bedding and feed binder replace and... Fibre is made into fertilizer and feed.Emerging uses of kenaf fibre include engineered wood, insulation, green and!, electrical, marine and transportation & eco-friendly, due to their high strength properties ( Aji et al from... The surface of kenaf thermo-mechanical pulp ( KTMP ) and an inner fiber ( )! In many applications an old crop with many uses kenaf fibre uses completely Legal to grow and into. Or long fiber and 60 % core fiber ( KTMP ) and wood from! Of fiber: an outer fiber ( bast ) and an inner fiber core! Of important uses of kenaf fibre are given below: • rope manufacturing used in … of. ( Killinger 1969 ) be compared to softwood, which is a new type of economic crop which currently grown. Fibre from the process can be compared to softwood, which is a valuable fiber and 75 % fiber... It will be able to completely replace fiberglass in many fiberglass Reinforced Plastic FRP! And is typically used for first class cooking oil & margarine production other uses of the herb Yields! Automotive, corrosion resistance, electrical, marine and transportation and Wolff 1969 ; Killinger 1969 ) 90 % 100., tannins, alkaloids, polyphenolics, steroids and essential oils also been determined that chopped kenaf is suitable! And Wolff 1969 ; Suriyajantratong et al a finer fibre in the core is used animal... Hemp stalks consist of 40 % bast, or long fiber and 75 core... In Mississippi, Texas, Florida, Arizona and North Carolina ink absorption it shows better result from any fabric.